Copying, reproducing or distributing information without the owner’s consent is referred to as plagiarism. Getting involved in such practices is considered unethical.
Copying infringement refers to violations leading to legal consequences whereas plagiarism refers to activity such as reproducing another’s work as if it is one’s own original work. Plagiarism is considered an ethical offense and not as a crime.
Understand ethics in the following context: You write an article for a competition and someone else copies your original work and claims that she/he has created the work.
Given below are some examples of plagiarism:
Downloading and using images are content from website are other sources and claiming it to be your original work.
Modifying existing company logos on brochures, flyers, business cards, blogs or other distribution materials.
Copying full-text or images from websites and placing it in documents without citations or quotations.
Internet is a major source for searching, researching, collecting and using information. This information available could be owned by an author who may have published the information for free through a publisher.
When information such as, text, tutorials, source code to applications, news etc is copied and reproduced without owner’s consent, it is referred to as content scrapping.
Internet plagiarism is widely practiced in academia and journalism. For example: Students, professors or researchers may copy content from the internet that is considered academic dishonesty and may be punished through suspension or termination.
Reporters may copy recent news from other websites for local page or other publications and authors using content in text books without providing citation that is considered unethical. Authors and reports may lose credibility with the organization and may be terminated as a result.
If you want to use the information available on the internet on your personal use or for public distribution, you need to ensure that you are authorized to copy or distribute the information. In general, it is necessary to obtain permission from the author or the publisher before copying or distributing the information.
Following is a general guideline to avoid plagiarism:
The following list presents the common types of cybercrimes:
Use quotations when placing text in documents to indicate that this is copy: use different fonts or colors for quotations.
Include the source s a footnote either below the quotation or at least at the end of the document.
Paraphrase the entire text using your own words; check with the original paraphrase for technical accuracy.
Indicate if it’s an improvement of accuracy and quote the original text.
Plagiarism is common due to widespread use of computers today. It can be detected manually or automated through computer assisted methodologies.
Though detecting plagiarism can be difficult, some websites offer text-based plagiarism detecting services to detect online presence of copied content.
Some of the online plagiarism detection services include (not limit to):